Select Page

The African green pigeon (Treron calvus) is a species of bird found throughout sub-Saharan Africa. It belongs to the family Columbidae, which also includes doves and pigeons.

The African green pigeon is relatively small, measuring about 23 cm in length and weighing around 100 grams. This bird has distinctive plumage: its back and wings are olive-green, while its head, neck, breast, and belly are a bright yellow-green color. Its eyes are surrounded by a pale ring that contrasts with its dark red iris.

Like many other members of its genus Treron, the African green pigeon feeds primarily on fruit and can often be seen perched high up in trees or flying between them in search of food.

Despite being widespread across much of Africa, this bird remains poorly studied by ornithologists and little is known about its behavior or ecology beyond basic observations.

African Green Pigeon

Physical Characteristics Of The African Green Pigeon

The African Green Pigeo is a medium-sized bird that measures between 27-30 cm in length and weighs around 125 grams.

It has an overall green plumage, with lighter shades on the underparts and darker hues on its wings and tail. The male pigeon has a black collar around its neck while the female lacks this feature.

These birds have strong beaks designed to crack open seeds and nuts efficiently.

Behavioral patterns revealed that these pigeons are monogamous animals, forming long-lasting pairs during breeding season. They build their nests high up in trees using twigs and leaves to create a cozy home for their offspring.

Social interactions among African Green Pigeons show that they frequently gather in flocks of up to ten individuals when feeding or roosting together. However, territorial disputes do occur between males competing over resources like food or nesting sites.

Overall, understanding physical characteristics alongside behavioral patterns provides valuable insights into the life history of African Green Pigeons.

Distribution And Habitat

The African green pigeon is widely distributed across sub-Saharan Africa, occupying a diverse range of habitats including forests, savannas, and woodlands. Its geographical range extends from Senegal in West Africa to Ethiopia in the east, southward through Zambia and Zimbabwe, and as far south as South Africa.

The species shows preference for areas with an abundance of fruiting trees such as figs and berries, which make up the bulk of its diet. In addition to fruits, it also feeds on leaves and flowers.

The ecological niche occupied by the African green pigeon is that of a frugivore or fruit-eater, playing an important role in seed dispersal within its habitat.

Due to their adaptability and broad distribution, they are not considered threatened or endangered at present.

Feeding Habits And Diet

The African green pigeon’s distribution and habitat were discussed in the previous section. Now, let us explore their feeding habits and diet. These birds are primarily frugivorous, meaning they consume mainly fruits.

They have a preference for soft fleshy fruits such as figs, guavas, and berries. However, they also occasionally feed on leaves and flowers when fruit is scarce. In terms of foraging behavior, African green pigeons tend to be arboreal feeders, perching on trees or shrubs while searching for food. They can often be seen moving from tree to tree in search of ripe fruit.

Food preferencesExamples
FruitsFigs, guavas, berries
LeavesYoung leaves of certain tree species
FlowersNectar-rich flowers such as those of Aloe

These birds play an important role in seed dispersal by consuming fruits and then excreting the seeds elsewhere. This helps to maintain plant diversity within ecosystems where African green pigeons reside. It has been observed that these birds are more likely to visit areas with high levels of fruit availability, indicating that their movements may be influenced by food availability.

Understanding the food preferences and foraging behaviors of these birds is crucial in efforts aimed at conserving their populations and ensuring their survival amidst changing environmental conditions.

Breeding And Reproduction

Breeding and reproduction are crucial aspects of the life cycle for African green pigeons. These birds typically mate during the breeding season, which varies depending on their location but usually occurs between August to January.

During this time, male pigeons engage in elaborate mating rituals that involve puffing up their chests, cooing loudly, and displaying their colorful plumage to attract a female partner. Once pairs have formed, they will search for a suitable nesting site. The nesting behavior of these birds is highly adaptable as they can make use of various locations including trees, shrubs or buildings.

Females lay one or two eggs at a time and both parents take turns incubating them for about 17-19 days. After hatching, chicks will remain in the nest for approximately three weeks before fledging.

Some interesting facts about African green pigeon breeding habits:

  • Males perform courtship displays by flapping wings and bobbing heads.
  • Pigeon couples may reuse old nests from previous years.
  • Hatchlings are born helpless without feathers but grow rapidly under parental care.

Overall, it’s fascinating to observe how African green pigeons carry out their reproductive process with such precision and adaptability.

Conservation Status And Threats

The conservation status of the African green pigeon is a cause for concern due to habitat destruction and hunting pressure.

The species has been found to be declining in numbers as its natural forest habitat continues to be fragmented or destroyed by human activities such as logging, agriculture, and urbanization.

Additionally, the bird is hunted for food or sport in some areas where it occurs.

This increased demand for the species threatens its survival in the long-term.

Efforts are being made to protect remaining forests and reduce hunting pressures on this species through education campaigns and law enforcement measures.

However, more research is needed to fully understand the extent of threats facing this species and how best to conserve it for future generations.

Research And Future Directions

Conservation efforts have been implemented to protect the African green pigeon due to its declining population.

Habitat loss, hunting, and trapping are some of the major threats faced by this species.

To ensure their survival, conservationists have established protected areas and conducted awareness campaigns among local communities on the importance of preserving these birds.

However, more research is needed to understand their behavioral patterns in order to develop effective management strategies.

Studying their feeding habits, breeding behavior, and migratory patterns can provide valuable information that can aid in developing long-term conservation plans.

In addition, monitoring populations through regular surveys can help identify changes in population size and distribution over time.

Such efforts will be crucial for ensuring the continued existence of this unique bird species amidst ongoing human activities that impact their habitat and well-being.

The African green pigeon (Treron calvus) sitting on a thick branch with a colorful jungle background. Green pigeon in the yeast, however in the natural environment. Green pigeon with red oats.


The African Green Pigeon is a beautiful and colorful bird that inhabits various parts of Africa. Its unique physical characteristics, including its bright green plumage, make it easily recognizable in the wild.

This species mainly feeds on fruits and seeds and has adapted to thrive in different habitats such as rainforests, woodlands, and savannas. Despite being widespread throughout their range, this pigeon faces several threats due to habitat loss and hunting pressure.

Understanding the ecology, behavior, and conservation status of the African Green Pigeon is crucial for its long-term survival. Future research should focus on assessing population trends across different regions, identifying critical breeding areas, exploring methods to reduce human-wildlife conflicts while promoting sustainable land-use practices.

Furthermore, protecting natural habitats and enforcing regulations against illegal trade will be essential in ensuring the continued existence of this fascinating bird.