Pink-Necked Green Pigeon

The Pink-necked Green Pigeon (Treron vernans) is a species of bird native to tropical regions in South and Southeast Asia. It belongs to the Columbidae family, which includes all pigeons and doves. This species has an impressive range with sightings reported from India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Malaysia.

The Pink-necked Green Pigeon plays an important role in its respective ecosystems as it feeds mainly on fruits found within them. Its diet consists primarily of wild berries that can sometimes be hard for other birds to access due to their size or height in the tree canopy. As such this pigeon often serves as an important disperser of seeds across wide areas throughout its range.

However, despite the ecological importance of this avian species current conservation efforts are limited by many factors including habitat destruction caused by agricultural expansion and fragmentation coupled with hunting pressures from humans.

In order to assess the status of populations and devise successful conservation strategies more information must be acquired about the ecology of this unique bird species.

Species Overview

The pink-necked green pigeon (Treron vernans) is an avian species of the Columbidae family, commonly known as pigeons and doves. This bird species is native to South East Asia, specifically China, Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam. Its natural habitat includes lowland forests and mangrove swamps in these regions which make up its endemic range.

The adult plumage for this species has a predominantly olive green body with a distinct pinkish hue on the neck feathers. Moreover, it has a small head with short wings that are yellowish underneath with white spots along the flight feathers.

These birds feed mainly off fruit found within their environment such as figs, berries and seeds. They usually live in pairs or flocks while in search of food but tend to be quite shy when flying away from any potential danger that could arise. Breeding season usually occurs during late spring until early summer where they build their nests in tree hollows or dense areas of vegetation.

Conservation efforts have been made to protect this species due to deforestation within its native habitats leading to population decline over time. It currently holds Vulnerable status on the IUCN Red List meaning more action needs to be taken in order to ensure survival for future generations of this unique bird species.

Physical Characteristics

The pink-necked green pigeon is a species of bird with distinct physical characteristics. It has a robust, feathered body that measures approximately 30 cm in length and it weighs an average of 210 g. The plumage of the adult is primarily green, while its neck and chest are bright pink. Its wingspan typically ranges between 40 to 45 cm long, allowing it to fly gracefully through the skies.

The most noticeable features on this avian species include its large head and wide, round eyes set close together near the top of its head. Additionally, the tail feathers are especially long for a pigeon-sized bird, reaching lengths up to 17 cm or longer. When perched atop trees or rocks, these feathers often droop down from their perch as if waving goodbye to observers below them.

In terms of behavior and habitat preferences, the pink-necked green pigeon prefers humid climates such as tropical forests or other areas of dense vegetation where there is plenty of food available in order to sustain itself throughout the year. In addition to feeding on fruits found in tree canopies, they also eat snails, insects and seeds which they find within ground foliage.

During courtship season males will make cooing sounds at females before mating usually takes place high above in tree branches away from predators on land.

Range And Habitat

The Pink-Necked Green Pigeon (Treron vernans) is a species of bird found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It has several subspecies, including:

  • Green-Winged Pigeon (Treron formosae): Found throughout Southeast Asia from India to China.
  • Pacific Green Pigeon (Treron opalinescens): Found on islands of Oceania, including New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji and Australia.
  • Australian Green Pigeon (Treron australis): Found along eastern coastlines of Australia and Tasmania.
  • Asian Green Pigeon (Treron phoenicopterus): Native to Southwestern parts of Asia.
  • African Green Pigeon (Treron calvus): Native to Sub-Saharan Africa.

These pigeons inhabit lowland forests up to an elevation of 2200 meters with open woodlands and agricultural areas being their preferred habitats due to their ability for non-forest feeding grounds.

They are also found in mangrove swamps along coastal areas as well as secondary growths near human settlements such as cities, gardens or agricultural lands where they feed on crops like rice and maize.

The presence of these birds can be beneficial for farms since they play an important role in seed dispersal which helps maintain healthy crop production levels. In addition, the availability of food sources provided by humans may attract more individuals into inhabited areas leading to higher population densities within these environments when compared with natural forest ecosystems.

Due to its wide range distribution across multiple continents and varied habitats, this species tends to have an adaptable nature that allows it to thrive under different environmental conditions at local levels.

This makes them resilient against climate change impacts that might otherwise affect other species in similar ranges around the globe, allowing them continue playing their essential ecological roles without major disruptions or declines in numbers.

Diet And Feeding Habits

The diet of the pink-necked green pigeon is varied, consisting primarily of plant material such as fruits, seeds, and grains. They have also been observed to consume insects on occasion. When foraging in their natural environment, they are most likely to be seen feeding from trees or shrubs where fruit is plentiful. Research suggests that this species prefers ripe fruits over unripe ones when available.

In addition to foraging for food in its native range, the pink-necked green pigeon has been known to visit agricultural fields and other manmade habitats looking for grain and other sources of nutrition. Studies indicate that it will also feed on flower nectars if available. The presence of these birds has become a problem for some farmers because they can cause damage to crops while searching for food.

Though studies regarding the specific dietary habits of the pink-necked green pigeon are still underway, research indicates that this bird consumes both animal matter (insects) and plant matter (fruits, seeds, grains). It should be noted that further study may reveal more information about what exactly constitutes a typical diet for this species.

Breeding And Nesting

The pink-necked green pigeon is a species of bird that breeds in tropical Asia. During the breeding season, they perform courtship displays as part of their mating ritual. The female builds the nest and incubates the eggs during an average period of 14 days. Afterwards, both parents feed the young birds until they reach independence from parental care at about 2 months old.

CourtshipBreeding Season
Nest BuildingBefore Egg Laying
Incubation PeriodAfter Egg Laying
Feeding Young BirdsUp to 2 Months Old

Nest building usually occurs before egg laying, with nests being constructed out of twigs, leaves, feathers and other materials found nearby. The clutch size for this species ranges between 1 to 3 eggs per nest with females typically laying one egg every two days after copulation has occurred.

Once all the eggs are laid, the female takes over responsibility for incubating them while her mate provides food and protection against predators or intruders. After around two weeks have passed since egg laying began, chicks start hatching and require feeding by both adults until they can fend for themselves at approximately two months old.

In summary, pink-necked green pigeons breed annually throughout tropical Asia engaging in courtship rituals prior to nesting activity which is followed by a brief incubation period before chicks hatch requiring parental care up until reaching independence at two months old.

Conservation Status

Having completed their breeding season, the Pink-necked Green Pigeon faces a precarious conservation status. This species is considered to be threatened and endangered in many regions of its range due to population declines since 2000. These threats include:

  1. Loss of habitat from logging or land conversion for agriculture
  2. Hunting and trapping for food
  3. Competition with invasive species
  4. Nest predation by introduced predators such as cats and rats

Due to these factors, the global population has drastically declined over recent years, contributing to this pigeon’s vulnerable conservation status according to IUCN Red List criteria.

To mitigate further losses, concerted action must be taken to protect existing habitats and reduce hunting pressure on populations through awareness campaigns targeting local communities who rely on wild birds for sustenance and cultural reasons.

Furthermore, research into the ecology of this species should help inform management decisions regarding habitat protection and restoration efforts that are necessary for long-term viability in the future.

In order to ensure the survival of this bird species, it is essential that conservationists take proactive steps towards protecting its remaining habitats while simultaneously reducing human exploitation so that viable populations may continue to exist within their natural ranges going forward.

Additionally, more targeted studies should be conducted which focus on understanding how climate change will affect distribution patterns of the Pink-necked Green Pigeon as well as other avian species across different parts of its range moving ahead into an uncertain future.

Interesting Facts

One of the most interesting facts about the pink-necked green pigeon is its flight pattern. It takes off with a powerful thrust, then glides in circles at high altitudes for long distances before eventually descending and landing on the same spot from where it took off. Pink-necked green pigeons are also known to be very vocal when mating and nesting, often making loud calls that echo through their habitats.

The birds typically mate during the months of May to October and build flimsy nests usually made out of twigs and leaves in dense woodlands or forests. They lay two white eggs per clutch which hatch after an incubation period of approximately two weeks. The young fledge within four weeks but remain dependent on their parents until they reach sexual maturity around six months old.

These pigeons have been classified as Near Threatened by IUCN since 2016 due to habitat loss resulting from deforestation, agricultural expansion, and urbanization. Conservationists are currently working hard to protect remaining populations throughout Southeast Asia so these beautiful birds can continue thriving in the wild for generations to come.


The pink-necked green pigeon is a remarkable species that has adapted to many different habitats across its range. This bird’s physical characteristics are unique, making it easily identifiable in the wild. Its diet and feeding habits have also been well researched, giving insight into how this species survives.

Breeding and nesting behavior of the pink-necked green pigeon can be observed when conditions are suitable for successful reproduction. Conservation efforts have seen some success, but more work needs to be done if we want to ensure the long term survival of this species.

The pink-necked green pigeon serves an important role in its native ecosystems and deserves our protection as one of nature’s most beautiful avian inhabitants. Its brightly colored plumage makes it desirable for both aviculturalists and birdwatchers alike, increasing awareness about the importance of conserving these animals.

The species’ adaptability allows it to exist in various environments from wetlands to woodlands, highlighting the need for sustainable land management practices within those areas.

Overall, the pink-necked green pigeon is an amazing creature that demands respect due to its uniqueness among other birds found throughout Asia Pacific regions.

We must continue conservation measures such as research projects and habitat restoration so future generations can enjoy observing these special creatures in their natural environment. It would be a tragedy if human activities led us to lose such a magnificent animal forever.

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